Ayurveda describes Prasuti Tantra (Obstetrics) as a comprehensive and scientific management of Pre Pregnancy Care i.e Garbhadhan Vidhi ; Antenatal (during pregnancy) i.e Garbhini Paricharya ; Parturition (labour) i.e Prasava Paricharya ; Postnatal Period (after delivery of baby) i.e Sutika Paricharya , for safe and happy motherhood and healthy child.
Obstetrics (Prasuti Tantra) in Ayurveda is as scientific as modern Obstetrics which is the study of child birth and its disorders. Ayurveda describes all aspects related to pregnancy ( normal , abnormal & its management) from pre conception to the care of new born child. These are summarized as below:
Conception ( Garbhadhan Vidhi)
Pregnancy (Garbhini Paricharya) & its complications eg
Vomiting / Hyperemesis gravidarum ( Garbhaja vamana ) , Morning Sickness ( Hrillasa) , Diarrhoea (Atisara) , Constipation (Vibandha) , Anal Fissure ( Parikartika ) , Cough ( Kasa ) , Oedema ( Shopha ) , Fever ( Jwara ) , Striae gravidarum ( Kikkasa ) etc.
Normal development of Fetus ( Garbha Vriddhi) & its disorders (Garbha Vyapad) eg
Abortion ( Garbha srava / Garbhapata ) , Intra Uterine Growth Retardation / IUGR (Garbha shosha) etc.
Parturition / Normal Labour ( Prasava Paricharya ) & its complications eg
Delayed Labour ( Garbha Sanga ) , Difficult / Obstructed Labour & Malpresentation of Fetus during Labour ( Mudhagarbha) etc.
Normal Puerperium ( Sutika Paricharya ) & its complications eg
Vaginal Tear (Yonibheda) , Backache (Prishtha shula ) , Hemiplegia (Shakhavata) , Jaundice (Kamala) , Fever ( Jwara ) , Retention of Urine (Mutra Sanga) , Constipation (Malarodha) , Bleeding per Vagina (Asrigdara), Prolapse (Yoni Bhramsha ) , Diseases Of Breast ( Stana Roga) etc.
Management of New Born Baby (Navajata Shishu Paricharya)
Normal Breast Milk and Breast Feeding ( Stanya & Stana pana Paricharya ) & their disorders
For a healthy child , healthy sperm and ovum ( Bija ) & genetic status (Bijabhaga ) of both the partners ; nutrition & habits of female during pregnancy and normal labour (delivery of baby ) are important factors.
So , the main aim of Prasuti Tantra ( Ayurvedic Obstetrics ) is Shreshtham Apatyam i.e Healthy and Intelligent child , thus Healthy and Intelligent SOCIETY i.e SUPRAJAM.