Obesity or Sthaulya is the most common nutritional disorder in the present era. It has reached epidemic proportions globally with more than 1 billion adults overweight – atleast 300 million of them clinically obese – is a major contributor to the global burden of chronic diseases and disability.
Childhood obesity is also on rise. An estimated 22 million children under five are estimated to be overweight worldwide. The prevalence of obese children aged 6 -11 years is becoming a global problem and increasingly extending into the developing world.
Sthaulya – In Ayurveda , Sthaulya or obesity is considered as one of eight condemned human constitutions.
Sthaulya according to Ayurveda is – when a person is having excessive and abnormal increase of medodhatu ( fat tissue ) along with mamsadhatu ( muscle tissue ) and results in pendulous appearance of buttocks, belly, breasts and whose increased bulk mass is not equal to a corresponding increase in energy.
Obesity – Excess deposition of adipose tissue in the body is known as obesity. It exists when body weight is 120% above the ideal weight.
Hina Sthaulya (Overweight)
Madhyama Sthaulya (Obesity class 1& 2)
Adhika Sthaulya (Severe or Morbid Obese)
Mainly faulty diet and sedantary lifestyle. It can be classified into
Physical activity should be increased. Research shows that exercise for 10 – 15 minutes at a stretch for 4 – 5 times a day is beneficial than doing exercise for 30 -40 minutes at a stretch. Optimum time to prevent obesity is during age 5 – 10 years.
Yoga is beneficial in controlling obesity. Nadi shodhan pranayam , meditation and asanas mainly surya namaskar (Sun Salutations), paschimottanasana (Posterior Stretch Posture), suptapavanmuktasana (Lying wind release Posture ), bhujangasana (Cobra Posture), katichakrasana (Lumbar – Wheel Posture) etc help one’s body and mind to stick to the conviction and to work with firm determination.