The Pentad Of Herbs In Ayurveda


                                

In Ayurveda many herbs are described which are used as a single herb or in combination . Combination is done to increase the efficacy of herbs to enhance the action on a particular organ or disease .

Various parts of plants are used for treatment e.g roots , barks, leaves etc . The group according to the part  or number of herbs is indicated in various conditions . One combination is based on five herbs or pentad of herbs . Following are some of the important pentad of herbs .

1)      PANCHAKOLA ( Group of five Pungents) :

          Herbs : Pippali ( long pepper ), Pippalimula ( root of long pepper ) , Chavya , Chitraka ( leadwort ) , Shunthi ( dry ginger ) .

Panchkola copy

          Indications :

  • For stimulating digestion : It is given in gruel form

  • Grahani roga : It is given with ghee ( clarified butter ) or soup of radish

  • Piles : It is given with buttermilk

  • Cough : Milk processed with panchakola is advised

  • Colic : Panchkola with three salts and hingu (asafoetida ) with warm water relieves colic

  • Amavata : Water boiled with panchakola or powder with warm water is given

  • Disorders of breast milk : Paste of panchakola and kulatha ( Dolichus ) should be applied to breasts

 

2)     PANCHATIKTA ( Group of five Bitters ) :

        Herbs : Patola ( Trichosanthes dioica ) , Nimba (Neem) , Bhunimba ( Andrographis paniculata ) , Rasna ( Vanda roxburghii ) , Saptaparna ( Alstonia scholaris )

       Indications :

  • Mainly in Prameha and Kushtha in the form of panchatikta niruha basti .

  •  In Panchatikta ghrita and panchatikta ghrita guggulu the herbs used are Nimba , Patola ,      Kantakari , Guduchi  ( Rubia cordifolia ), Vasa ( Adathoda vasica) .

 

3)      PANCHAPALLAVA ( Group of five Leaves ) :

         Herbs : Patola ( Trichoanthes dioica ) , Nimba ( Neem) , Jambu ( Eugenia jambolana ) , Aamra (Mango ) , Jati                ( Jasmine )

     Indications :

  • Diseases of mouth : Decoction of tender leaves for mouth wash is used

  • Vaginal disorders : Panchpallavadi ghrita

 Another group of Panchpallava is – Aamra , Jambu , Kapittha ( wood apple ) , Bijapura     ( Citrus medica ) , Bilva . These are mainly used for aromatic purposes .

 

4)        PANCHMULA [ LAGHU ] ( Group of five                                                                                    Smaller Roots )

           Herbs : Shalaparni ( Deamodium gangeticum), Prishnaparni ( Uraria picta ) , Brihati ( Solanum indicum ) , Kantakari          ( Solanum xanthocarpum ), Gokshura               ( Tribulus terrestris )

         Indications :

  • Diarrhoea  : In aggravation of vata , liquid gruel processed with laghu panchmula should be given

  • Fever : Milk boiled with it is prescribed

  • Anaemia : Water processed with laghu panchmula is given

  • Raktapitta ( Intrinsic haemorrhage ) : Goat’s or cow’s milk is boiled in five times water with laghu panchmula , added with sugar and honey is given

  • Consumption : Soup prepared with decoction of laghu panchmula is helpful

  • Heart disease : Ghee cooked with paste of it along with milk or it’s decoction with sugar is given

  • Vomiting : Gruel cooked with laghu panchmula and added with honey should be used

  • Thirst : Water is boiled with it and sugar is added

  • Dysuria & retention of urine : Milk boiled with laghu panchmula is prescribed

 Laghu Panchmula is also called as Khuddak panchmula , Kaniya panchmula , Vidarigandhadi mula ,                           Hrisva panchmula , Sthiradi panchmula .

DASAMOOLA

             source : http://herbalsatt.blogspot.in/2011/02/27-dasamoola.html

5)      PANCHMULA [ BRIHAT ] ( Group of five Bigger                                                                      Roots ) :

         Herbs : Bilva ( Aegle marmelos), Agnimantha ( Premna integrifolia ) , Shyonaka ( Oroxylum indicum ), Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens ) ,Kashmarya ( Gmelina arborea )

        Indications :

  • Grahani roga : Panchmulyadi ghrita and churna is given

  • Gulma : Decoction of brihat panchmula is helpful

  • Cough : Decoction of brihat panchmula with pippali powder is useful

  • Udara roga : Food cooked with decoction should be taken

  • Obesity : Brihat panchmula with honey  is helpful  

  • Heart disease : Gruel cooked with decoction of brihat panchmula shoud be taken

  • Fracture : In case of pain , milk boiled with brihat panchmula is helpful

  • Wound : It’s decoction is used for washing the wounds

Brihat Panchmula is called as Bilva panchak , Bilva Panchmula , Mahat Panchmula , Maha Panchmula .

6)      PANCHVALKALA ( Group of five Barks of                                                                 Lactiferous Trees ) :

          Herbs : Nyagrodha ( Ficus bengalensis ) , Udumbara     ( Ficus glomerata ) , Ashvattha ( Ficus religiosa ), Plaksha        ( Ficus lecor ), Vetasa ( Salix caprea )

        Indications :

  • Erysipelas : Anointment and sprinkling is helpful

  • Abscess : Paste of panchvalkala mixed with ghee is applied

  • Wound : Decoction of panchvalkala is used for washing and it’s powder with badari is applied

  • Inflammation : Paste of panchvalkala with ghee is useful

  • Stomatitis : Decoction of panchvalkala with honey is used as mouth wash

  • Piercing of earlobes : In case of burning sensation after piercing of earlobes , paste of panchvalkala and madhuka with ghee is advised

Because of astringent taste Panchvalkala is also known as ‘Panchkashaya’.

There is another panchkashaya in the context of ear diseases ie Tinduka , Haritaki , Lodhra, Lajjalu , Amalaka .

7)      TRIN PANCHMULA ( Group of five grass roots ) :

 

         Herbs : Kusha ( Desmostachya bipinnata ) , Kasa              ( Saccharum spontaneum ) , Shara (Saccharum munja ) , Darbha  ( Imperata cylinderica ) , Ikshu ( Saccharum officinarum )

       Indications :

  • Calculus : Sharedya ghrita is indicated

  • Retention of urine : Milk boiled with trin panchmula is helpful

  • Raktapitta ( Intrinsic haemorrhage ) : It is given with milk

  • Thirst : Churned drink of parched paddy flour prepared with trin panchmula is useful

  • Cough : Milk boiled with its decoction is given

 Trin panchmula is also called as Darbhadi panchmula , Kushadi panchmula .

 

8)      PANCH KSHIRI VRIKSHA ( Group of five                                                                                   Lactiferous Trees ) :

          Herbs : Vata (Ficus bengalensis),   Udumbar (Ficus glomerata ), Ashvattha ( Ficus religiosa ) , Plaksha  ( Ficus lecor ), Paarisha ( Thespesia populnea )

         Indications :

  • Diarrhoea with blood : Ghee cooked with leaf buds of kshiri vriksha with honey and sugar is useful

  • Hoarseness of voice : Ghee cooked with decoction and paste of leaf buds of kshiri vriksha with honey is given followed by intake of milk boiled and cooled

  • Calculus : Decoction in the form of basti is helpful

  • Acne  / freckles : Paste of kshiri vriksha with milk is applied on face

  • Wound : Decoction prepared with bark of kshiri vriksha is useful in healing of wounds

  • Insect poisoning : After cleaning the part , paste of bark of kshiri vriksha should be applied

  • Erysipelas : Cold paste of tender leaves with ghee is applied

 

 

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