In Ayurveda many herbs are described which are used as a single herb or in combination . Combination is done to increase the efficacy of herbs to enhance the action on a particular organ or disease .
Various parts of plants are used for treatment e.g roots , barks, leaves etc . The group according to the part or number of herbs is indicated in various conditions . One combination is based on five herbs or pentad of herbs . Following are some of the important pentad of herbs .
1) PANCHAKOLA ( Group of five Pungents) :
: Pippali ( long pepper ), Pippalimula ( root of long pepper ) , Chavya , Chitraka ( leadwort ) , Shunthi ( dry ginger ) . Herbs
For stimulating digestion : It is given in gruel form
Grahani roga : It is given with ghee ( clarified butter ) or soup of radish
Piles : It is given with buttermilk
Cough : Milk processed with panchakola is advised
Colic : Panchkola with three salts and hingu (asafoetida ) with warm water relieves colic
Amavata : Water boiled with panchakola or powder with warm water is given
Disorders of breast milk : Paste of panchakola and kulatha ( Dolichus ) should be applied to breasts
2) PANCHA TIKTA ( Group of five Bitters ) :
: Patola ( Trichosanthes dioica ) , Nimba (Neem) , Bhunimba ( Andrographis paniculata ) , Rasna ( Vanda roxburghii ) , Saptaparna ( Alstonia scholaris ) Herbs
Mainly in Prameha and Kushtha in the form of panchatikta niruha basti .
In Panchatikta ghrita and panchatikta ghrita guggulu the herbs used are Nimba , Patola , Kantakari , Guduchi ( Rubia cordifolia ), Vasa ( Adathoda vasica) .
3) PANCHAPALLAVA ( Group of five Leaves ) :
: Patola ( Trichoanthes dioica ) , Nimba ( Neem) , Jambu ( Eugenia jambolana ) , Aamra (Mango ) , Jati ( Jasmine ) Herbs
Diseases of mouth : Decoction of tender leaves for mouth wash is used
Vaginal disorders : Panchpallavadi ghrita
Another group of Panchpallava is – Aamra , Jambu , Kapittha ( wood apple ) , Bijapura ( Citrus medica ) , Bilva . These are mainly used for aromatic purposes .
4) PANCHMULA [ LAGHU ] ( Group of five Smaller Roots )
Shalaparni ( Deamodium gangeticum), Prishnaparni ( Uraria picta ) , Brihati ( Solanum indicum ) , Kantakari ( Solanum xanthocarpum ), Gokshura ( Tribulus terrestris ) Herbs :
Diarrhoea : In aggravation of vata , liquid gruel processed with laghu panchmula should be given
Fever : Milk boiled with it is prescribed
Anaemia : Water processed with laghu panchmula is given
Raktapitta ( Intrinsic haemorrhage ) : Goat’s or cow’s milk is boiled in five times water with laghu panchmula , added with sugar and honey is given
Consumption : Soup prepared with decoction of laghu panchmula is helpful
Heart disease : Ghee cooked with paste of it along with milk or it’s decoction with sugar is given
Vomiting : Gruel cooked with laghu panchmula and added with honey should be used
Thirst : Water is boiled with it and sugar is added
Dysuria & retention of urine : Milk boiled with laghu panchmula is prescribed
Laghu Panchmula is also called as Khuddak panchmula , Kaniya panchmula , Vidarigandhadi mula , Hrisva panchmula , Sthiradi panchmula .
source : http://herbalsatt.blogspot.in/2011/02/27-dasamoola.html
5) PANCHMULA [ BRIHAT ] ( Group of five Bigger Roots ) :
Bilva ( Aegle marmelos), Agnimantha ( Premna integrifolia ) , Shyonaka ( Oroxylum indicum ), Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens ) ,Kashmarya ( Gmelina arborea ) Herbs :
Grahani roga : Panchmulyadi ghrita and churna is given
Gulma : Decoction of brihat panchmula is helpful
Cough : Decoction of brihat panchmula with pippali powder is useful
Udara roga : Food cooked with decoction should be taken
Obesity : Brihat panchmula with honey is helpful
Heart disease : Gruel cooked with decoction of brihat panchmula shoud be taken
Fracture : In case of pain , milk boiled with brihat panchmula is helpful
Wound : It’s decoction is used for washing the wounds
Brihat Panchmula is called as Bilva panchak , Bilva Panchmula , Mahat Panchmula , Maha Panchmula .
6) PANCHVALKALA ( Group of five Barks of Lactiferous Trees ) :
: Nyagrodha ( Ficus bengalensis ) , Udumbara ( Ficus glomerata ) , Ashvattha ( Ficus religiosa ), Plaksha ( Ficus lecor ), Vetasa ( Salix caprea ) Herbs
Erysipelas : Anointment and sprinkling is helpful
Abscess : Paste of panchvalkala mixed with ghee is applied
Wound : Decoction of panchvalkala is used for washing and it’s powder with badari is applied
Inflammation : Paste of panchvalkala with ghee is useful
Stomatitis : Decoction of panchvalkala with honey is used as mouth wash
Piercing of earlobes : In case of burning sensation after piercing of earlobes , paste of panchvalkala and madhuka with ghee is advised
Because of astringent taste Panchvalkala is also known as ‘Panchkashaya’.
There is another panchkashaya in the context of ear diseases ie Tinduka , Haritaki , Lodhra, Lajjalu , Amalaka .
7) TRIN PANCHMULA ( Group of five grass roots ) :
Kusha ( Desmostachya bipinnata ) , Kasa ( Saccharum spontaneum ) , Shara (Saccharum munja ) , Darbha ( Imperata cylinderica ) , Ikshu ( Saccharum officinarum ) Herbs :
Calculus : Sharedya ghrita is indicated
Retention of urine : Milk boiled with trin panchmula is helpful
Raktapitta ( Intrinsic haemorrhage ) : It is given with milk
Thirst : Churned drink of parched paddy flour prepared with trin panchmula is useful
Cough : Milk boiled with its decoction is given
Trin panchmula is also called as Darbhadi panchmula , Kushadi panchmula .
8) PANCH KSHIRI VRIKSHA ( Group of five Lactiferous Trees ) :
Vata (Ficus bengalensis), Udumbar (Ficus glomerata ), Ashvattha ( Ficus religiosa ) , Plaksha ( Ficus lecor ), Paarisha ( Thespesia populnea ) Herbs :
Diarrhoea with blood : Ghee cooked with leaf buds of kshiri vriksha with honey and sugar is useful
Hoarseness of voice : Ghee cooked with decoction and paste of leaf buds of kshiri vriksha with honey is given followed by intake of milk boiled and cooled
Calculus : Decoction in the form of basti is helpful
Acne / freckles : Paste of kshiri vriksha with milk is applied on face
Wound : Decoction prepared with bark of kshiri vriksha is useful in healing of wounds
Insect poisoning : After cleaning the part , paste of bark of kshiri vriksha should be applied
Erysipelas : Cold paste of tender leaves with ghee is applied
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Medicinal Plants and tagged Bilva Panchmula, Brihat panchmula, Dashmoola, herbs, Laghupanchmula, Panch kshiri vriksha, Panch valkala, panchkola, Panchpallava, Panchtikta, Pentads of herbs, Trinpanchmula. Bookmark the permalink.