‘Pregnancy should be by Choice, not by Chance’ – this statement holds true for having a healthy progeny and safe pregnancy. As the ultimate constitution of an individual is determined by the chromosomes of sperm and ovum destined to unite and form zygote from which organism develops, the health status of both the partners is very important for conception.
Ayurveda describes that as proper season, fertile field, water and good quality seeds are essential for good crop, similarly the normal menstrual cycle, healthy female reproductive system, proper maternal nutrition and healthy sperm and ovum are requisite for conception and healthy child.
The regimen followed during pre pregnancy period to achieve conception is called ”Garbhadhan Vidhi”.
Specific guidelines have been laid in Ayurveda for Pre pregnancy or Pre conception care.
Suitable partner for marriage
Should not belong to the same family or caste.
Should not suffer from infectious diseases including sexually transmitted diseases.
Should not have anatomical anomalies.
Should be healthy.
Factors vital for conception
Healthy uterus, cervix and vaginal canal without vitiation of doshas.
Normal menstrual cycle and healthy ovum.
Equipoise Vata dosha or neurotransmission, hormonal and regulatory mechanism of the body.
Both the partners should be psychologically happy and mature, as happy mood is essential for achievement of conception.
Regimen for couple
Panchkarma (Purification Measures): The couple should be purified with oleation, sudation, emesis, purgation, enema. After this, they are brought to normal physiological status with dietetics . These are meant to cleanse the body of accumulated toxins .
Diet should be healthy and balanced.
For Male: Ghrita (clarified butter) and milk medicated with anabolic herbs are given to improve the quality of sperms. Herbs such as Ashwagandha (Withania somniferum) , Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris) , Musali (Curculigo orchioides), Kaunchbeej (Mucuna pruriens), Shilajeet (Asphaltum), drugs of Shukrajanan (Spermatopoietic) group should be taken for 4 – 6 months prior to conception under the supervision of Ayurvedic physician.
For Female: Sesamum oil and Black gram should be taken along with the balanced diet. Sesamum seeds possess excellent antioxidant property. They are a good source of zinc which in turn is important for the formation of folic acid. Herbs such as Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Vidarikand (Pueraria tuberosa ) , Mulethi (Glycerrhiza glabra), Bala (Abutilon indicum), Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica), drugs of Prajasthapana (Procreants) group should be taken under the supervision of Ayurvedic physician.
After having propitious nourishment and feeling contended, the couple should prepare for coitus. Recital of hymns, pleasant fragrance and comfortable bed are required during coitus. After this, they should wash with cold water. Coitus is not meant just for pleasure but through this the divine, creative and vital energy is directed for procreation.