The Childhood Obesity Epidemic

Childhood obesity affects both developed and developing countries of all socio-economic groups , irrespective of age , sex or ethnicity . It has been estimated that worldwide over 22 million children under the age of 5 are obese , and one in 10 children is overweight .

A wide range of prevalence levels exist , with the prevalence of overweight in Africa and Asia averaging well below 10 per cent and in the  Americas and Europe above 20 per cent .

 Indian data regarding current trends in childhood obesity are emerging. A recent study conducted among 24,000 school children in south India showed that the proportion of overweight children increased from 4.94 per cent of the total students in 2003 to 6.57 per cent in 2005 demonstrating the time trend of this rapidly growing epidemic .

 Socio – economic trends in childhood obesity in India are also emerging . A study from northern India reported a childhood obesity prevalence of 5.59 per cent in the higher socio – economic strata when compared to 0.42 per cent in the lower socio-economic strata .

.childhood-obesity-epidemic-infographicSource :

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World Health Day


    • Blood pressure is the force of blood exerted against the walls of arteries/blood vessels. Blood pressure rises and falls during the day. It is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg) and recorded as two numbers – systolic pressure (when the heart beats/as the heart contracts) over diastolic pressure (as the heart relaxes between beats and fills with blood).

    • If blood pressure stays elevated, it is called high blood pressure or hypertension. It is dangerous because it overstrains the heart. The prolonged high force with which the blood flows harms the arteries and can lead to heart and kidney diseases, stroke, impaired vision and blindness.

world health day 2

    • High blood pressure often has no warning signs or symptoms. Once it occurs, it usually lasts a lifetime.

    • High blood pressure is the leading cause of preventable death.

    • Hypertension accounts for 7.5 million deaths every year, with 1 billion people suffering from the condition worldwide. In the South-East Asia Region, one in three adults has hypertension, which claims nearly 1.5 million lives each year.

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