Ayurveda describes Prasuti Tantra (Obstetrics) as a comprehensive and scientific management of Pre Pregnancy Care i.e Garbhadhan Vidhi ; Antenatal (during pregnancy) i.e Garbhini Paricharya ; Parturition (labour) i.e Prasava Paricharya ; Postnatal Period (after delivery of baby) i.e Sutika Paricharya , for safe and happy motherhood and healthy child.
Obstetrics (Prasuti Tantra) in Ayurveda is as scientific as modern Obstetrics which is the study of child birth and its disorders. Ayurveda describes all aspects related to pregnancy ( normal , abnormal & its management) from pre conception to the care of new born child. These are summarized as below:
Conception ( Garbhadhan Vidhi)
Pregnancy (Garbhini Paricharya) & its complications eg
Normal development of Fetus ( Garbha Vriddhi) & its disorders (Garbha Vyapad) eg
Abortion ( Garbha srava / Garbhapata ) , Intra Uterine Growth Retardation / IUGR (Garbha shosha) etc.
Parturition / Normal Labour ( Prasava Paricharya ) & itscomplications eg
Delayed Labour ( Garbha Sanga ) , Difficult / Obstructed Labour & Malpresentation of Fetus during Labour ( Mudhagarbha) etc.
Normal Puerperium ( Sutika Paricharya ) & its complications eg
Vaginal Tear (Yonibheda) , Backache (Prishtha shula ) , Hemiplegia (Shakhavata) , Jaundice (Kamala) , Fever ( Jwara ) , Retention of Urine (Mutra Sanga) , Constipation (Malarodha) , Bleeding per Vagina (Asrigdara), Prolapse (Yoni Bhramsha ) , Diseases Of Breast ( Stana Roga) etc.
Management of New Born Baby (Navajata Shishu Paricharya)
Normal Breast Milk and Breast Feeding ( Stanya & Stana pana Paricharya ) & their disorders
For a healthy child , healthy sperm and ovum ( Bija ) & genetic status (Bijabhaga ) of both the partners ; nutrition & habits of female during pregnancy and normal labour (delivery of baby ) are important factors.
So , the main aim of Prasuti Tantra ( Ayurvedic Obstetrics ) is Shreshtham Apatyam i.e Healthy and Intelligent child , thus Healthy and Intelligent SOCIETY i.e SUPRAJAM.
Motherhood is a special and joyous moment in every woman’s life. But this is possible if her health is taken care of during postnatal period.
The postnatal period or Puerperium is called ‘Sutika kala” and woman is called ‘Sutika’ in Ayurveda. A woman is called ‘Sutika’ only after the placenta is expelled during labour. The duration of ‘Sutikakala’ is usually 1-1/2 month (45 days).
Great emphasis has been laid on post natal care i.e. Sutika Paricharya , as during this period she restores her health and strength. Ayurveda compares the condition of woman after childbirth with that of a pot filled with oil up to brim. If the pot becomes unstable, the oil spills. So, if proper care is not taken during postnatal period , her health deteriorates.
Importance of Post Natal Care (Sutika Paricharya)
* To bring the woman’s health status to the pre pregnant state, as due to growth of the baby and the pain & blood loss during delivery, there is weakness & loss of vital elements from the body.
* To prevent the complaints during Sutika kala such as
1. UTI 2. Backache 3. Loss of appetite 4. Thirst 5. Anxiety 6. Anger 7. Disturbed sleep 8. Depression, etc.
Post Natal Care (Sutika Paricharya)
* She should be given Ghee (clarified butter) or Til oil (Sesamum) mixed with Panchkola according to her digestive power.
* After digestion of the above mixture give her rice gruel or milk medicated with panchkola or Vidharigandhadi Gana (i.e mixture of Shatavari,Gokshur,Punarnava,Bala etc.)
* Along with this give ‘Gudodaka’ or jaggery water for 5-7 days.
* After 7th day give her strength giving and easily digestible food e.g. sixty day rice, meat soup of forest dwelling animals, etc.